California has more than 3.4 Million “good” jobs that do not require a bachelor’s
November 13, 2017
• States adding good blue-collar jobs, report says
• “There are millions of good jobs in our economy”
State-level analysis of the 30 million “good” jobs in the economy for those with less than a bachelor’s degree finds that nearly half of states have added good blue-collar jobs that pay without bachelor’s degrees, according to a report Monday from the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce in partnership with JPMorgan Chase & Co.
Since 1991, the states with the most significant blue-collar losses were New York, Pennsylvania, California, Ohio, and Illinois. “California in particular was a state in which large blue-collar job losses resulted in weak overall growth of good jobs for workers without BAs,” the report says.
But that seems to have turned around, says the report.
The report, “Good Jobs That Pay without a B.A.: A State-by-State Analysis,” says good jobs have been going to associate’s degree holders more than workers with no more than a high school diploma in nearly every state since 1991.
The Georgetown University research finds that 34 states added good non-BA jobs between 1991 and 2015. Texas, Arizona, and states in the South and West experienced the fastest growth in these jobs.
Manufacturing declined in 38 states and dominated job losses in 14 of the 16 states that lost good jobs overall. Yet, 23 states gained good blue-collar jobs that pay without BAs in industries, such as construction and transportation.
“There are millions of good jobs in our economy for workers who have graduated from high school and completed some post-secondary education or training,” says Chauncy Lennon, head of workforce initiatives at JPMorgan Chase. “We need to connect this workforce with these opportunities and a good place to start is with the data that shows where these jobs are.”
Nationally, a gain of 4 million good jobs in skilled-services industries, such as financial services and health services, more than offset the 2.5 million good jobs lost in manufacturing, the report says.
States in the West and Upper Plains experienced the largest percentage gains in skilled-services good jobs, with especially strong growth in Arizona, Montana, Idaho, and North Dakota. Other states, primarily in the Northeast and Midwest, experienced much slower growth in skilled-service employment than the national average, it says.
Every state experienced a shift in education requirements from high school diplomas or less to some college or associate’s degrees, says the report. Associate’s degree holders in Minnesota increased their share of good jobs the most in the country, expanding by 31 percentage points from 1991 to 2015. While high school graduates held more than half of the good jobs for those without BAs in 20 states in 1991, by 2015 that was only true in two states: Delaware and West Virginia.
“Strengthening the connection between school and work will better prepare these workers for the demands of today’s new good jobs,” says Anthony Carnevale, director of the Georgetown Center and lead author of the report.
When looking at the share, not just the total number, of good jobs for workers without BAs within each state, Wyoming becomes the top state and California falls to the middle of the pack, says the report.
But for there numbers of good jobs that do not require a four-year degree, California outpaces all states with 3,409,000 jobs in 2015, the report says.